ebook Chalcogenides - Sławomir Podsiadło

Chalcogenides

The monograph should therefore play a binary role. First it should present the crystal structures of known chalcogenides. Second book should explain a wide range of preparation methods and basic chemical properties of sulphides, selenides and tellurides that can be important from practical point of view. These materials are referred to as compounds of technological future in optoelectronics and photovoltaics.INTRODUCTION 11 1. CHALCOGENIDE COMPOUNDS 12 1.1. Sulfi des, selenides, tellurides 12 Mixed chalcogenides 15 Multicentric chalcogenides 17 References 18 2. IONIC CHALCOGENIDES 19 2.1. Chalcogenides of alkali metals 19 2.1.1. Lithium chalcogenides 19 2.1.1.1. Lithium sulfi des 19 2.1.1.2. Lithium selenide 21 2.1.1.3. Lithium tellurides 21 2.1.2. Sodium chalcogenides 21 2.1.2.1.Sodium sulfi des 21 2.1.2.2. Sodium selenides 24 2.1.2.3. Sodium tellurides 25 2.1.3. Potassium chalcogenides 26 2.1.3.1. Potassium sulfi des 26 2.1.3.2. Potassium selenides 27 2.1.3.3. Potassium tellurides 29 2.1.4. Rubidium chalcogenides 30 2.1.4.1. Rubidium sulfi des 30 2.1.4.2. Rubidium selenides 32 2.1.4.3. Rubidium tellurides 33 2.1.5. Cesium chalcogenides 35 2.1.5.1. Cesium sulfi des 35 2.1.5.2. Cesium selenides 36 2.1.5.3. Cesium tellurides 38 2.1.6. Francium chalcogenides 39 2.2. Chalcogenides of alkaline earth metals 39 2.2.1. Beryllium chalcogenides 39 2.2.1.1. Beryllium sulfi de 39 2.2.1.2. Beryllium selenide 40 2.2.1.3. Beryllium telluride 40 2.2.2. Magnesium chalcogenides 41 2.2.2.1. Magnesium sulfi de 41 2.2.2.2. Magnesium selenides 41 2.2.2.3. Magnesium tellurides 42 2.2.3. Calcium chalcogenides 43 2.2.3.1. Calcium sulfi de 43 2.2.3.2. Calcium selenide 44 2.2.3.3. Calcium telluride 44 2.2.4. Strontium chalcogenides 44 2.2.4.1. Strontium sulfi des 44 2.2.4.2. Strontium selenide 46 2.2.4.3. Strontium telluride 46 2.2.5. Barium chalcogenides 46 2.2.5.1. Barium sulfi des 46 2.2.5.2. Barium selenide 47 2.2.5.3. Barium tellurides 48 2.2.6. Radium chalcogenides 49 2.2.6.1. Radium sulfi de 49 2.2.6.2. Radium selenide 49 2.2.6.3. Radium telluride 49 References 49 3. CHALCOGENIDES OF THE SP-ELEMENTS 55 3.1. Chalcogenides of the second period 55 3.1.1. Boron chalcogenides 55 3.1.1.1. Binary compounds 55 3.1.1.2. Multielement compounds 56 3.1.2. Carbon chalcogenides 60 3.1.2.1. Binary compounds 60 3.1.2.2. Multielement compounds 60 3.2. Chalcogenides of the third period 61 3.2.1. Aluminum chalcogenides 61 3.2.1.1. Binary compounds 61 3.2.1.2. Multielement compounds 61 3.2.2. Silicon chalcogenides 63 3.2.2.1. Binary compounds 63 3.2.2.2. Multielement compounds 64 3.3. Chalcogenides of the fourth period 66 3.3.1. Gallium chalcogenides 66 3.3.1.1. Binary compounds 66 3.3.1.2. Multielement compounds 67 3.3.1.3. Copper(I) gallium-indium selenide 68 3.3.2. Germanium chalcogenides 69 3.3.2.1. Binary compounds 69 3.3.2.2. Multielement compounds 70 3.3.3. Arsenic chalcogenides 71 3.3.3.1. Binary compounds 71 3.3.3.2. Multielement compounds 72 3.4. Chalcogenides of the fi fth period 75 3.4.1. Indium chalcogenides 75 3.4.1.1. Binary compounds 75 3.4.1.2. Multielement compounds 76 3.4.2. Tin chalcogenides 78 3.4.2.1. Binary compounds 78 3.4.2.2. Multielement compounds 79 3.4.3. Antimony chalcogenides 81 3.4.3.1. Binary compounds 81 3.4.3.2. Multielement compounds 81 3.5. Chalcogenides of the sixth period 83 3.5.1. Thallium chalcogenides 83 3.5.2. Lead chalcogenides 84 3.5.3. Bismuth chalcogenides 85 3.5.3.1. Binary compounds 85 3.5.3.2. Multielement compounds 86 References 87 4. CHALCOGENIDES OF THE DSP-ELEMENTS 93 4.1. Introduction 93 4.2. Chalcogenides of the scandium subgroup elements 94 4.2.1. Chalcogenides of scandium 94 4.2.1.1. Sulfi de compounds of scandium 94 4.2.1.2. Selenides and tellurides of scandium 94 4.2.2. Chalcogenides of yttrium 95 4.2.2.1. Sulfi de compounds of yttrium 95 4.2.2.2. Selenide compounds of yttrium 96 4.2.2.3. Telluride compounds of yttrium 97 4.3. Chalcogenides of titanium subgroup elements 97 4.3.1. Chalcogenides of titanium 97 4.3.1.1. Sulfi de compounds of titanium 97 4.3.1.2. Selenide and telluride compounds of titanium 101 4.3.2. Chalcogenides of zirconium 102 4.3.2.1. Sufl ide compounds of zirconium 102 4.3.2.2. Selenide compounds of zirconium 103 4.3.2.3. Telluride compounds of zirconium 104 4.3.3. Chalcogenides of hafnium 105 4.3.3.1. Sulfi de compounds of hafnium 105 4.3.3.2. Selenides and tellurides of hafnium 106 4.4. Chalcogenides of vanadium subgroup elements 107 4.4.1. Chalcogenides of vanadium 107 4.4.1.1. Sulfi de compounds of vanadium 107 4.4.1.2. Selenide and telluride compounds of vanadium 108 4.4.2. Chalcogenides of niobium 109 4.4.2.1. Sulfi de compounds of niobium 109 4.4.2.2. Selenide and telluride compounds of niobium 110 4.4.3. Chalcogenides of tantalum 112 4.4.3.1. Sulfi de compounds of tantalum 112 4.4.3.2. Selenide compounds of tantalum 114 4.4.3.3. Telluride compounds of tantalum 115 4.5. Chalcogenides of the chromium subgroup elements 116 4.5.1. Chalcogenides of chromium 116 4.5.1.1. Sulfi de compounds of chromium 116 4.5.1.2. Selenide compounds of chromium 118 4.5.1.3. Telluride compounds of chromium 119 4.5.2. Chalcogenides of molybdenum 120 4.5.2.1. Sulfi de compounds of molybdenum 120 4.5.2.2. Selenide and telluride compounds of molybdenum 120 4.5.3. Chalcogenides of tungsten 121 4.5.3.1. Sulfi de compounds of tungsten 121 4.5.3.2. Selenide and telluride compounds of tungsten 122 4.6. Chalcogenides of the manganese subgroup elements 123 4.6.1. Chalcogenides of manganese 123 4.6.1.1. Sulfi de compounds of manganese 123 4.6.1.2. Selenide compounds of manganese 125 4.6.1.3. Telluride compounds of manganese 127 4.6.2. Chalcogenides of technetium 129 4.6.2.1. Sulfi de, selenide and telluride compounds of technetium 129 4.6.3. Chalcogenides of rhenium 129 4.6.3.1. Sulfi de, selenide and telluride of rhenium 129 4.7. Chalcogenides of iron subgroup elements 131 4.7.1. Chalcogenides of iron 131 4.7.1.1. Sulfi de compounds of iron 131 4.7.1.2. Selenide compounds of iron 133 4.7.1.3. Telluride compounds of iron 135 4.7.2. Chalcogenides of ruthenium 135 4.7.2.1. Sulfi des, selenides and tellurides of ruthenium 135 4.7.3. Chalcogenides of osmium 136 4.7.3.1. Sulfi des, selenides and tellurides of osmium 136 4.8. Chalcogenides of the cobalt subgroup elements 136 4.8.1. Chalcogenides of cobalt 136 4.8.1.1. Sulfi de compounds of cobalt 136 4.8.1.2. Selenide and telluride compounds of cobalt 137 4.8.2. Chalcogenides of rhodium 138 4.8.2.1. Sulfi des of rhodium 138 4.8.2.2. Selenides and tellurides of rhodium 139 4.8.3. Chalcogenides of iridium 139 4.8.3.1. Sulfi des of iridium 139 4.8.3.2. Selenides and tellurides of iridium 140 4.9. Chalcogenides of the nickel subgroup elements 141 4.9.1. Chalcogenides of nickel 141 4.9.1.1. Sulfi de compounds of nickel 141 4.9.1.2. Selenides and tellurides of nickel 141 4.9.2. Chalcogenides of palladium 142 4.9.2.1. Sulfi de compounds of palladium 142 4.9.2.2. Selenide and telluride compounds of palladium 143 4.9.3. Chalcogenides of platinum 144 4.9.3.1. Sulfi de compounds of platinum 144 4.9.3.2. Selenide and telluride compounds of platinum 146 4.10. Chalcogenides of the copper subgroup elements 147 4.10.1. Chalcogenides of copper 147 4.10.1.1. Sulfi de compounds of copper 147 4.10.1.2. Selenide compounds of copper 148 4.10.1.3. Telluride compounds of copper 148 4.10.2. Chalcogenides of silver 149 4.10.2.1. Sulfi de compounds of silver 149 4.10.2.2. Selenide and telluride compounds of silver 151 4.10.3. Chalcogenides of gold 152 4.10.3.1. Sulfi des, selenides and tellurides of gold 152 4.11. Chalcogenides of the zinc subgroup elements 153 4.11.1. Chalcogenides of zinc 153 4.11.1.1. Sulfi de compounds of zinc 153 4.11.1.2. Selenide and telluride compounds of zinc 154 4.11.2. Chalcogenides of cadmium 155 4.11.2.1. Sulfi de compounds of cadmium 155 4.11.2.2. Selenide and telluride compounds of cadmium 155 4.11.3. Chalcogenides of mercury 157 4.11.3.1. Sulfi de compounds of mercury 157 4.11.3.2. Selenide and telluride compounds of mercury 157 4.12. Metal-rich chalcogenides 158 4.12.1. Metal-rich chalcogenides of scandium 158 4.12.2. Metal-rich chalcogenides of titanium 159 References 159 5. CHALCOGENIDES OF LANTHANIDES AND ACTINIDES 191 5.1. Chalcogenide compounds of lanthanides 191 5.1.1. Chalcogenides with stoichiometry LnQ 192 5.1.2. Chalcogenides with stoichiometry Ln2Q3 192 5.1.3. Chalcogenides with stoichiometry LnQ2 194 5.1.4. Chalcogenides with stoichiometry Ln2Q5 195 5.1.5. Chalcogenides with stoichiometry Ln3Q4 195 References 195 5.2. Chalcogenide compounds of actinides 199 5.2.1. Chalcogenides with stoichiometry AnQ 199 5.2.2. Chalcogenides with stoichiometry An2Q3 200 5.2.3. Chalcogenides with stoichiometry AnQ2 201 5.2.4. Chalcogenides with stoichiometry An2Q5 203 5.2.5. Actinide chalcogenides with less common stoichiometry 204 5.2.5.1. AnQ3 204 5.2.5.2. An3Q4 205 5.2.5.3. An3Q5 205 References 205

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